The Gospel of Luke

Scripture Guide for Luke 2:22-40

Strange days, unexpected times: a belief-defying announcement of a pregnancy, a wearying journey to be taxed, an uncomfortable birthing bed in a hewn out cleft in the rock repurposed as a stable, a visit from herdsmen, unexpected. The last 40 days were a whirlwind of surreal confusion as to the veracity of any of these unexpected occurrences. Seven days of purification then circumcision of the boy, giving him a name not personally chosen, and a return to wait out the 33 of the remaining 40 days required of a new mother for cleansing, both expected and unexpected occurrences.

Women born under the law of Moses and having just given birth carried a heavy burden. Mary adhered to it dutifully (see Leviticus 12 for laws concerning purification after birth). Jesus was the angelically chosen name given to his mother. It was the Greek for the Hebrew name Joshua. Joshua had been the second-in-command to Moses. It was he that brought the people into their promised rest. Jesus, the first born child, dedicated to the Lord, consecrated and made holy as the firstborn son, and in compliance with the law no different than any other 1st century Jewish family, expected (see Exodus 13 for the consecration of the first born).

A family living in poverty gave the required sacrifice for the completion of Mary’s period of purification, two pigeons, one for a burnt offering and one for a sin offering, expected (see Leviticus 12). A day at the temple in Jerusalem to fulfill this purification, expected, an old man, one foot in the grave, one foot firmly planted in the temple and devoted to the baby brought in by Mary and Joseph, unexpected. Add to this strange encounter with Simeon, an old widow named Anna, 84 years of age, enamored by an infant and prophetically proclaiming the arrival of God’s anticipated kingdom through him, unexpected

The preacher may wish to focus on the unexpected nature of the events in Luke’s narrative. Mary and Joseph do what is expected under the law, they show up where they must. It is just another day in the life of a young Jewish couple with a newborn until the unexpected occurs. As Luke continues the narrative beyond the text for this week, a twelve-year-old Jesus sits at the feet of the teachers of the law in Jerusalem having abandoned his family on their return caravan to Nazareth. Luke 2:47 says, after Jesus had listened to and queried the teachers of the law, “all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers.” When Jesus’ mother and father returned to Jerusalem and found him in the temple, Luke says, “his mother treasured up all these things in her heart” (Luke 2:51).

We know why this matters to the story of Jesus, but why does it matter to us? In the expected routine of life it is hard for us to accept the unexpected. Sometimes it takes the continuance of the unexpected to discover the unique treasure of God. Sometimes that which seems ordinary is an unexpected treasure in disguise and repeated surprises reveal the extraordinary


Scott Bullock is a Board Member and Contributor with The Pastors Workshop. He is an ordained Presbyterian minister who has served churches in Illinois, New Jersey, and California. He holds an MA in New Testament Studies from Wheaton College, an MDiv from Fuller Theological Seminary, and a ThM in New Testament from Princeton Theological Seminary. Scott is married with three teen-aged children.

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Key Quote

The world will never starve for want of wonders; but only for want of wonder. 

 G.K. Chesterton, Tremendous Trifles, Mead and Company.

Key Illustration

The Moussaieff Red Diamond

The stone had been formed in the depths of the earth centuries before it was found, transformed from worthless carbon by unimaginable temperatures and pressures. It had been driven to the surface of the earth by tectonic forces and had made its way down various tributary streams until it came to rest at the edge of the Abaetezinho River in Brazil. No one could know how long it was there, unrecognizable, covered with mud and sand. It looked like any ordinary stone, but it was precious beyond words.

In 1990, a Brazilian farmer needed some water for his fields and stooped down to get it. The stone somehow caught his eye, and he scooped it up, dripping and dirty. There’s no way the farmer could have known that he had just discovered the largest red diamond in history—13.9 carats in its rough form. All diamonds are rare, but red diamonds are the rarest of them all. That red diamond would eventually be cut into a triangular shape weighing 5.11 carats. It is now known as the Moussaieff Red Diamond, after the collector who purchased it in 2001. Its sale price was undisclosed, but estimates put its value as high as $8 million. This amazing red diamond is exceedingly precious.

Andrew M Davis, The Power of Christian Contentment, Baker Publishing Group, 2019, p.12.

Comment: Just like the unnoticed red diamond, the birth of a boy in 1st century Palestine could be easily dismissed as an insignificant event, but for Simeon and Anna, like the Brazilian farmer in 1990, something, “caught [their] eye”. Eventually Mary and her husband Joseph took notice of the unexpected in the midst of the expected routine of life. Are we looking for the unexpected treasure of God in our own day-to-day order of life?

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